Government Created A One-Data Policy, Will It Be Open To Public?

  • Last month, President Joko Widodo enacted President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019 Regarding Indonesian One Data. This President Regulation aims to help government to collect, manage, and utilize data accurately, sophisticatedly, integrated, accountable, accessible, and usable.
  • In Indonesia, numerous ministries, national and local institutions don’t have data and they are inaccessible. Difficulties lie in synchronising those institutions due to strong sectoral egos.
  • in this one data policy, National Development Agency is appointed to collect and calibrate data across ministries and institutions to eliminate differences.
  • Civil Society Organisations emphasised on the importance of data implementation so that the public can access the data and deliver an information or objection if necessary


Although Indonesia is almost 74 years old, Indonesia doesn’t have one data and map that can act as guidance for government. Land overlap, legal uncertainty, and unsynchronised ministries often happen due to strong sectoral egos. To improve this condition, last month President Joko Widodo issued President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019 Regarding Indonesian One Data.

Data is highly important in determining many things including governance. Different data across ministries and institutions might result in fallacious policies.

This government regulation which was signed on June 17th 2019 aims to help government to collect, manage, and utilize data accurately, sophisticatedly, integrated, accountable, accessible, and usable.

Minister of National Development Agency heads this regulation. The member consists of Minister of State Officials Utilization, Minister of Communication and Information, Minister of Domestic Affairs, Minister of Finance, as well as Statistics Management Officials and Geospatial Officials.

“(President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019) is part of an integration, one map policy is part of the one data policy,” said Joshaphat Rizal Primana, Director of Energy, Mineral, and Mining Resources of National Development Agency, in Jakarta (7/10/19).

Before that, in 2019, President Joko Widodo signed President Regulation No. 9 Year 2016 Regarding Acceleration of One Map Policy Implementation. This step is taken to push geospatial information utilization in development through map scale 1:50.000.

He hopes that this one map can be a guidance for thematic geospatial information and integrated large scale spatial utilization plan in a spatial plan.

One map policy is still in process, President Jokowi enacted Indonesian One Data Policy on June 17th 2019.

Rizal explained that government used to have their own mapping which is different from one another. It’s not a wonder that overlap often happens. “This is what we’re trying to integrate. This kind of coordination is the hardest,” said him.

Read moreGovernment Created A One-Data Policy, Will It Be Open To Public?

Indonesia, Facing a Waste Crisis, Plans to Burn It for Electricity

  • The Indonesian government has targeted four cities in Java island to build incineration facilities this year to tackle the country’s plastic waste crisis.
  • Environmentalists say burning waste to generate electricity is not a sustainable solution to the issue, and will only add more problems, including the emission of toxic gases.
  • They instead suggest tackling the problem at the source, by reducing the amount of waste produced in the first place.
  • Indonesia is the world’s second-biggest source of the plastic trash that ends up in the oceans, after China.

JAKARTA — The Indonesian government plans to burn waste to fuel power plants in four cities on the island of Java this year as part of efforts to tackle the country’s plastic waste crisis.

Indonesia is the second-biggest contributor, after China, to the plastic waste that end up in the oceans, and is among a growing number of Asian countries refusing to import waste from developed countries.

President Joko Widodo called for a solution to the waste problem during a July 16 cabinet meeting, and criticized the lack of updates on plans to build waste incinerators.

“To this day, I haven’t heard any progress on which ones are already online and which ones are already built,” he said in a statement issued by the government.

“This isn’t about the electricity. We want to resolve the trash issue; the electricity comes afterward,” he added.

Cabinet Secretary Pramono Anung said that 12 cities had proposed building waste-fueled power plants, but only Jakarta, Surabaya, Bekasi and Solo were ready to do so before the end of this year.

Read moreIndonesia, Facing a Waste Crisis, Plans to Burn It for Electricity

The Supreme Court’s Verdict Is Not About Win or Loss

Jakarta, KOMPAS – The Supreme Court denied President’s and other defendants’ cassation regarding forest fire in Central Borneo in 2015. President and other defendants needs to view the verdicts as a win together with citizens so they can collectively conduct preventive actions related to forest and land fires as well as give a better quality environment for the citizens.


The citizen lawsuit was filed in 2016 subsequent to the great forest fire happened in 2015. At that time, Central Borneo is one of the seven provinces where large forest fire happened.


All the district court, appeal court, and the Supreme Courts have sided with the plaintiffs. Only one demand is not fulfilled which asks the President to apologise to the citizens for the forest and land fire.


“Verdicts from the district court until Supreme Court proves that government acted wrongfully due to their omissions to conduct their duties as mandated in the law. However, this is not about win or loss, this verdict aims for President and the state officials to carry out their duties and responsibilities in preventing and managing forest and land fire,” said Raynaldo Sembiring, Deputy Director of Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL), on Sunday (7/21/2019), in Jakarta.


This verdict aims for President and the state officials to carry out their duties and responsibilities in preventing and managing forest and land fire.


He agreed that the Supreme Court’s verdict is a collective win for citizens and government to implement the law together. In a positive way, this verdict can strengthen national and local government in forest and land fire management.

Read moreThe Supreme Court’s Verdict Is Not About Win or Loss

Jokowi’s Effort to Ask for A Review to the Supreme Court on The Forest Fire Case Is Deemed Futile

Jakarta, Indonesian CNN – Deputy Director of Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL) Raynaldo Sembiring assessed review action taken by government regarding forest fire in Central Borneo is a futile effort.


According to him, the Supreme Court’s verdict is an accountability demand to the Government to execute mandates from our laws relevant to forest fire prevention and management.


“If they want to submit a review, or even ten reviews, they will never win. It’s hilarious that they want to submit a review to neglect their duties as mandated by law,” said Raynaldo in a pers conference at National WALHI office, North Tegal Parang Street, on Sunday (7/21).


Raynaldo stated that review taken by government is a betrayal of their own regulation which is President Instruction No. 11 Year 2015 Regarding Acceleration of Forest and Land Fire Control.


“Supreme Court’s verdict basically asking the government to carry out their liabilities related to forest fire. The 2015 President Instruction stipulates the same thing. So I’m afraid there is an inconsistency between the brain and mouth,” said Raynaldo.


“If they submit a review, they will betray their own regulation,” he emphasised.

Read moreJokowi’s Effort to Ask for A Review to the Supreme Court on The Forest Fire Case Is Deemed Futile

To Ensure Legal Certainty, Government Is Asked to Execute Supreme Court’s Verdict

Indonesian Supreme Court finally hands citizens a win in a citizen lawsuit on Central Borneo forest fire at cassation stage. The verdict for case no. 3555 K/PDT/2018 was decided on July 16th 2019. President and other defendants is ordered to enact a derivative regulation from Law No. 32 Year 2009 Regarding Protection and Management of Environment. Not only does this verdict declare the government did a wrongful act (tort), but also orders Indonesian Government or the defendants to fulfill ten demands from the plaintiffs.


Executive Director of National WALHI Nur Hidayati said plaintiffs demand a protection for the citizens’ right for a good and clean environment as well as an implementation of Law on Environmental Protection and Management which was enacted in 2019 and no derivative regulations have been issued until now.


“The law doesn’t give a maximum effect in preventing environmental damage. In terms of forest fires, there are seven government regulations government has to make,” said Executive Director of WALHI Nur Hidayati in Jakarta, on Sunday (7/21).

Read moreTo Ensure Legal Certainty, Government Is Asked to Execute Supreme Court’s Verdict

Supreme Court Rejected Cassation from President Jokowi Regarding Forest Fire

JAKARTA, – Supreme Court denied President Joko Widodo’s and other officials as defendant’s cassation on forest fire case in Borneo.


Supreme Court Spokesperson Andi Samsan Nanron said that judges uphold verdicts from Palangkaraya District Court and Appeal Court.


“According to Supreme Court, the verdict from Palangkaraya Appeal Court which upholds the verdict from Palangkaraya District Court is precise and correct in its legal consideration,” said Andi in Supreme Court Office, on Friday (7/19/2019).


Because their cassation was denied, Andi said, Government is asked to issue regulations to manage and stop forest fires in Borneo.


“The lawsuit basically demands government to manage problems related to public interest because local communities don’t feel protected due to ongoing forest fires,” said Andi.

Read moreSupreme Court Rejected Cassation from President Jokowi Regarding Forest Fire

Jakarta Air Pollution Sources: Bad Government Policy

Jakartans are suffering from another nightmare. Just like two years ago, as Jakarta is entering 2019 dry season, Jakarta Air Quality is declining drastically. This phenomenon triggers numerous talks among the society that a hashtag #SetorFotoPolusi (or #ShowPollutionPics) is popular in social media.

Early July 2019, tens of individuals filed a citizen lawsuit against Indonesian President, Jakarta Governor, and five other state authorities for their negligence to control Jakarta Air Pollution.

As an environmental researcher, I think the cause of Jakarta Air Pollution is problematic Jakarta policies. Existing policies set an inadequate and too lax target to achieve a good air quality in Jakarta.


Target Evaluation

Jakarta Medium Term Development Plan 2017-2022 sets a target for Environmental Quality Index, an index which assesses air, water, and land coverage quality, to achieve 38.27 in 2022, a 36.41 increase from 2017.

To achieve that, Jakarta only has to improve 0.558 of its Air Quality Index so it reaches 54.058 in 2022 which is still categorized as “not good” level.

Ministry of Environment and Forestry determines a good Environmental Quality Index in a range of 70 until 80.

Read moreJakarta Air Pollution Sources: Bad Government Policy

Environmental Crisis, Climate, and Energy Transition Is Forgotten! – Jakarta – Elected President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) delivered his winning speech on Sunday, July 14th, in which he described some of his ideas and policy plans for the next five years titled “Indonesian Vision.” Jokowi highlighted a lot on the urgency to adapt to global development, to change our mindset, and to open to investment as wide as possible. Unfortunately, his speech didn’t acknowledge environmental crisis, climate change, and energy transition which steal global attention nowadays.


Hindun Mulaikan, Bersihkan Indonesia Spokesperson from Indonesian Greenpeace expressed that Vision for a Flourishing, Justice, and Prosperous Indonesia is only possible with a sustainable environment. Jokowi cannot be unhistorical, since our constitution clearly mandates environmentally economic developments.


Therefore, Hindun added, it’s weird if Indonesian Vision described by Jokowi didn’t consider environmental protection. According to her, threats from climate crisis and fossil fuel dependence such as coal are apparent and will affect Indonesian sustainability in the future.

Read moreEnvironmental Crisis, Climate, and Energy Transition Is Forgotten!

Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology Expert States Incinerator Is A Bad “Idea” To Solve Waste Problems in Indonesia

Jakarta – Prof. Emeritus Paul Connett, an activist and expert on chemical environment and toxicology expresses that building incinerators in twelve (12) regencies in Indonesia to handle waste is a very bad idea. On Saturday (07/13/2019).


“Why is this a very bad idea?” Because wastes in Indonesia is mixed and so many. The fact is 60% of wastes in Indonesia is organic and it’s mixed with non-organic wastes. Therefore, we won’t get an efficient economic value from it, even with the idea that this generates electricity. The fact is the net energy production is small,” said Prof. Emeritus Paul Connett.


Prof. Paul Connett also explained that the plan to build incinerators is very costly and is a wrong solution to handle waste. Three fund sources for incinerators come from tipping fees, public tax which will eventually be used as expenses to burn every waste there is, starting from the capital cost, operating cost, and profit margin.


Government’s solution shouldn’t be high-temperature energy solution, but a low-temperature energy solution which is anaerobic digestion from organic waste management. Composing is a good way for an efficient upstream waste handling.


As an expert on chemical environment and toxicology, Prof. Paul explained blatantly why incinerators must be rejected. He detailed the risks of incinerators implementations which cause several negative impacts such as energy loss, health impacts, economic impacts, and etc. Especially for health impacts, his research, which has been referred by many parties, proves that a cow can inhale dioxin (incinerator’s byproduct) much more than humans. A one-day dioxin inhalation by a cow is equal to 14 years dioxin inhalation by humans.


He further explained, the next problem is human’s consumption of meat and milk from those cows. One litre cow milk contains dioxin equals to 8 months dioxin inhalation by humans. Dioxin attaches itself to fat tissue in the human body and then accumulates.


Prof. Paul’s research shows that women are able to release dioxin from its body by giving birth, however the dioxin will have been exposed to the baby, and in men, dioxin can never be released.


As an information, Prof. Paul came to Indonesia as part of his world tour titled Zero Waste Campaign Tour 2019. This was his second visit to Indonesia, the first one was in 2016 when he attended in-kind activities in multiple cities, starting from Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, and Denpasar. (Dona).

Untrashing the Planet by Paul Connett

Paul Connett is a graduate of Cambridge University and holds a Ph.D in chemistry from Dartmouth College. He is an expert in the topics of Zero Waste and Water Fluoridation. Connett published two books, The Zero Waste Solution: Untrashing the Planet, One Community at a Time with a foreword by actor Jeremy Irons and The Case Against Fluoride.

Several days ago, on the 11th of July, Connett gave a public talk titled “Untrashing the Planet” at CoHive D.Lab, Menteng, Central Jakarta. The public talk was a part of his visitation in Indonesia, after the NGO Gathering (10th of July) and before his going to Bandung to visit some subdistricts that have implemented zero waste lifestyle & policy under the guidance of Yayasan Pengembangan Biosains dan Bioteknologi (YPBB) (11th of July).

Connett divided his public talk into two sessions. The first session was about zero waste strategy and the second one was about arguments against incineration and related technologies. Before getting into the first session, he also provided us with an explanation of the difference between 20th century and 21st century. In the 20th century, people were more focused on waste management, with the question “How do we get rid of our waste efficiently with minimum damage to our health and the environment?” While in the 21st century, we should be focusing on resource management, “How do we handle our discarded resources in ways which do not deprive future generations of some, if not all, of their value?” He believed that the waste problem will not be solved with magic machines, but with better organisation, better education and better industrial design.

The zero waste strategy, according to him, is about ten steps to zero waste, namely: 1) source separation; 2) door-to-door collection; 3) composting; 4) recycling; 5) reuse, repair, and research centres (community centres); 6) economic incentives; 7) more waste reduction initiatives; 8a) the residual separation facility; 8b) the zero waste research centre; 9) better industrial design; and 10) a transitionary landfill for biologically stabilised dirty organic fraction.

In the topic of arguments against incineration and related technologies, Connett explained that incineration: 1) is the most expensive way of handling waste; 2) doesn’t get rid of landfills because they produce a toxic ash which has to be landfilled; 3) is a waste of energy; 4) is inflexible and long-term contracts trap communities into uneconomic situations; and 5) is a huge wasted opportunity to fight climate change; 6) puts many highly toxic and persistent substances into the air.

Connett closed the presentation with three excellent and inspiring final messages: 1) to citizens: don’t let the experts take your common sense away; 2) to politicians: put your faith back in people; and 3) to activists: have fun!

more information here