ICEL

ICEL

These are Regulations and Bills Regarding Natural Resources and the Environment Affecting the Indonesian Climate Crisis

The last 3 years the Indonesian government issued regulations related to natural resources and the environment that can accelerate the climate crisis in Indonesia. Not only that, in the final days of the 2014-2018 period, the DPR also competed for 2 bills (RUU) that threatened the future of all Indonesian citizens. Yet according to the IPCC and the UN, we only have 11 years left before the biggest climate disaster occurs. What regulations and bills can accelerate the Indonesian climate crisis?

 

Government Regulation on National Spatial Planning (PP 13/2017 – RTRWN)

 

This regulation amended several articles on national spatial plans that have been previously arranged. The problem is that this regulation allows the construction of a National Strategic Project (PSN) which previously did not exist in the Provincial/District/City RTRW only with the minister’s recommendation. Whereas the space for the implementation of activities/projects should be determined in advance in the Provincial/District/City RTRW. Determination of Provincial/District/City RTRW also needs a Strategic Environmental Assessment (KLHS) to ensure integrated sustainable development and climate change adaptation and participatory consideration in a policy/plan/program.

Read moreThese are Regulations and Bills Regarding Natural Resources and the Environment Affecting the Indonesian Climate Crisis

Farmers’ Day: Still Awaiting Settlement of Agrarian Conflicts

Jakarta – (Tuesday, 24th of September 2019) Many agrarian conflicts that occur in Indonesia today remind us of agrarian conflicts in the past. As we know, agrarian conflicts that occurred in Indonesia have occurred from ancient times, the most obvious is during the new order era.

 

The dynamics of the current series of agrarian conflicts are rooted in the ideology of the new order which confirm that development is something that must be done to boost the people’s economy. Therefore, according to the government, land is perceived as belonging to the public interest for development. Many cases of land grabbing are carried out by the government against the people.

 

In 1965 the government intimidated to seize people’s land. People who did not want their land to be seized were labelled with Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) accomplices, where the statement as PKI at that time was a scary thing. So that inevitably, people had to surrender their land to the government with compensation, even some people did not get compensation at all.

 

Under the pretext of accelerating development, the government in the new order era invited investors to carry out the development program. The wave of rejection of land seizure occurred at that time, unfortunately the wave of rejection was ignored by the new order government. The government seemed to defend investors rather than the people whose land was seized.

Read moreFarmers’ Day: Still Awaiting Settlement of Agrarian Conflicts

Workshop on Preparation of Public Information Disclosure Book in the Environment and Natural Resources Sector

Jakarta – ICEL held a Workshop on Preparation of Public Information Disclosure Books in the Environmental and Natural Resources Sector. Several civil society organisations that focus on environmental and natural resource issues attended the Workshop, including GERAK Aceh, FITRA Riau, JARI West Kalimantan, Sikola Mombine Central Sulawesi, LBH Padang, KIPRA Papua, West Papua PERDU, Mnukwar West Papua, JANGKAR West Papua, PBHKP West Papua, JATAM East Kalimantan, PLH North Kalimantan, Lalingka North Kalimantan, BUMI East Kalimantan, JAL East Kalimantan and Forest Watch Indonesia (FWI). At Aston TB Simatupang Hotel, South Jakarta, Tuesday (23/09/2019).

 

This book will consist of an advocacy journey of information disclosure in the environment and natural resources sector with all its achievements and challenges. Variety of advocacy both in the form of assistance of the Information Commission and Public Agency, as well as community assistance and requests for information from organisations that have been present since 2010 will be summarised in the book.

 

Hopefully, this book will be able to increase the literacy of information disclosure that is still very minimal.

 

“Currently there is still very little literature related to the disclosure of public information circulating in the community. This book is expected to be an additional learning material for both the community and civil society organisations that are willing to advocate for public information disclosure in the form of government or community assistance,” explained Astrid Debora Meliala Deputy Director of ICEL who is also actively overseeing the issue of information disclosure.

 

Happy Right to Know Day 28th of September 2019!

[Joint Press Release] Reflections on the Ten-Year Law on Environmental Protection and Management: Enforcement of Environmental Law in Indonesia, Still Weak

Jakarta, 27th August 2019 – Approaching the 10th anniversary of the enactment of Law no. 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management (PPLH Law), Faculty of Law, University of Indonesia (FHUI) in collaboration with the Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL) held an Environmental Law Conference “Towards the Ten Years of the Law on Environmental Protection and Management: Reflections on Enforcement Environmental Law in Indonesia ”on the 26th – 27th August 2019 at the FHUI Campus Depok.

 

Chairman of the State Administrative Court of the Republic of Indonesia Supreme Court Dr. Supandi, S.H., M.Hum, revealed that a common obstacle encountered in solving environmental cases is the difficulty of proof. While environmental cases occur between those who have greater access to resources and those who have limited access. “Armed with a large intake of funds and pursuing short-term profits alone, of course environmental polluters will be easy to conduct research funding conducted by certain institutions that do not work objectively and put forward the facts in the field significantly.” said Supandi in the Public Lecture held by FH UI and ICEL as the opening of the Conference.

Read more[Joint Press Release] Reflections on the Ten-Year Law on Environmental Protection and Management: Enforcement of Environmental Law in Indonesia, Still Weak

WTE in the Middle of the Renewable Energy Vortex

Recently, discussions related to the construction of the Waste-to-Energy Power Plants (WTE) are often discussed following President Joko Widodo’s direction to continue accelerating the construction of the power plant. Basically, the construction of WTE is carried out as one of the programs to meet the strategy of implementing technology in handling household waste and household-like waste that is environmentally-friendly and efficient.[1] In general, this action is carried out as a form of performance improvement for waste handling.[2] In its development, in fact the construction of WTE is not only carried out for handling waste, but also to meet the sources of electricity in Indonesia, especially in terms of increasing the role of renewable energy, juxtaposed with other renewable energy sources in Indonesia such as water, wind, and solar.

 

WTE is a Renewable Energy Source?

In Indonesia, Waste-to-Energy Power Plants (WTE) is categorised as renewable energy. Historically, the existence of the definition of WTE as a renewable energy source in Indonesia is by the issuance of Presidential Decree (PD) No. 18 of 2016 concerning the Acceleration of Waste-to-Energy Power Plants Development in Province of DKI Jakarta, City of Tangerang, City of Bandung, City of Semarang, City of Surakarta, City of Surabaya and City of Makassar which in the “considering” section of the regulation explained that WTE in Indonesia needs to be built in order to convert waste as an energy source and improve environmental quality, as well as to enhance the role of electricity based on new renewable energy. Even in the WTE definition in the regulation has also been explained in article 1 number 3 related regulations, namely:

 

“Waste-to-Energy Power Plants, hereinafter abbreviated as WTE, is a power plant that uses new and renewable energy based on municipal solid waste that is converted into electricity through thermal process technology including gasification, incinerator, and pyrolysis”

 

Although in Presidential Decree No. 35 of 2018 concerning the Acceleration of the Construction of Waste Processing Installations into Electric Energy Based on Environment-Friendly Technology (regulation replacing PD No. 18 of 2016) the definition related to WTE as new and renewable energy is already gone, but in its implementation WTE is still categorised as renewable energy, especially when referring to regulations within the scope of Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources. The example of the regulation is Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Regulation No. 53 of 2018 related to the Utilisation of Renewable Energy for Electricity Supply, which categorizes WTE as a renewable energy source. Currently WTE is defined as “Waste Management into environmentally-friendly technology-based electricity that meets quality standards in accordance with statutory provisions and can reduce the volume of waste significantly and is tested”.[3] Unfortunately, the understanding of environmentally-friendly technology is still ambiguous.

Read moreWTE in the Middle of the Renewable Energy Vortex

Blocking Access to Palm Oil Information, Deputy Coordinating Minister for the Economy Reported by NGOs

JAKARTA – Dozens of civil society organisations reported Musdhalifah Machmud, Deputy for the Coordination of Food and Agriculture, to the Coordinating Minister for the Economy Darwin Nasution on Wednesday (21/8). The report is in connection with the issuance of Letter Number: TAN.03.01/265/D.II.M.EKON/05/2019 dated the 6th of May 2019, concerning Data and Information related to Palm Oil Plantation.

 

“The Deputy letter was used as an excuse for several Public Bodies to refuse providing public information. In Jambi, for example, requests for information by our researchers were denied by the Plantation Office, on the basis of the Deputy’s Letter. Obviously this is a violation of procedure,” explained the Director of Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL) Henri Subagiyo in his statement to Gresnews.com, Wednesday (21/8).

Read moreBlocking Access to Palm Oil Information, Deputy Coordinating Minister for the Economy Reported by NGOs

Jakarta Air Pollution Lawsuit Trial Is Continued, Representatives of President and Governors Are Expected to Present

The Central Jakarta District Court held a further trial on the air pollution lawsuit on Thursday (8/22/2019) today.

The lawsuit was filed by the Jakarta Legal Aid Institute (LBH Jakarta), Greenpeace Indonesia, and Friends of the Earth Indonesia (Walhi), as well as 31 people who joined the Clean Air Coalition (IBUKOTA).

Today’s trial agenda is scheduled for further document’s examination and mediation. “Completing previous trial’s (documents) and mediating,” said LBH Jakarta public attorney, Ayu Ezra, when confirmed, Thursday (8/22/2019).

This trial was scheduled for 10:00 WIB, but until now the trial has not yet begun.

Ayu hopes that the defendant and the defendant’s lawyer can attend the first trial.

Read moreJakarta Air Pollution Lawsuit Trial Is Continued, Representatives of President and Governors Are Expected to Present

[Joint Press Release] 36 Civil Society Organisations Report Deputy for the Coordination of Food and Agriculture

Jakarta, 21st of August 2019. 36 civil society organisations reported Musdhalifah Machmud, Deputy for the Coordination of Food and Agriculture to the Coordinating Minister for the Economy, Darwin Nasution on Wednesday, 21st of August 2019. The report was in connection with the issuance of Letter Number: TAN.03.01/265/D. II.M.EKON/05/2019 dated on the 6th of May 2019, concerning Data and Information related to Palm Oil Plantation.

 

“The deputy letter was used as an excuse for several Public Bodies to refuse to provide public information. In Jambi for example, a request for information by our researcher was denied by the Plantation Office, on the basis of the Deputy’s Letter. Obviously this is a violation of procedure,” explained Henri Subagiyo, Director of the Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL).

 

Although not explicitly addressed to Ministries/Institutions or Regions, the information contained in point 3 of the letter does indeed appear to provide direction to the Ministries/Institutions and Regional Governments to determine data and information regarding the Land Cultivation Rights (HGU) of palm oil plantations (in the form holder name, map and location) as information excluded. The directive is reiterated in point 4 which asks Ministries/Institutions and Regional Governments not to make initiatives to make agreements with other parties in providing data and information related to palm oil plantations.

Read more[Joint Press Release] 36 Civil Society Organisations Report Deputy for the Coordination of Food and Agriculture

Wistful Song of Indonesia Raya on the Edge of Jakarta Bay

One hour after the flag-raising ceremony of the 74th anniversary of RI, Saturday (17/8) this morning, the head of the Traditional Fishermen Group (KNT) of Muara Angke Iwan Carmidi sailed on his small fishing boat. Two other ships followed behind, transporting other fishermen and several children. In line with the slowing boat speed, their voices faintly heard singing Indonesia Raya.

 

“We want to celebrate independence in the style of fishermen. We with our families and children want to celebrate independence in the middle of our own sea,” said Iwan, after his ship was anchored at the edge of the Maju Bersama Beach, D Island, the reclamation area of ​​Jakarta Bay. The red and white flag fluttered on his boat.

 

Accompanied by a number of activists from the People’s Coalition for Fisheries Justice (Kiara), dozens of fishermen also expressed their disappointment over the implementation of the 74th anniversary ceremony by the Provincial Government of DKI Jakarta on D Island Reclamation this morning. For them, the development of the area or reclamation in the Bay of Jakarta really hit their livelihoods as fishermen.

The impact of the Jakarta Bay reclamation development began to be felt by fishermen from the Muara Angke area, Penjaringan, North Jakarta. Dodo, a fisherman from Muara Angke who participated in the demonstration came to hold Vanessa, his 9-year-old daughter. They wanted to go up to see the appearance of D Island.

Read moreWistful Song of Indonesia Raya on the Edge of Jakarta Bay

ICEL: The New and Renewable Energy (EBT) Draft Bill is Still Far from Expectations

Jakarta, Gatra.com – The issue of managing new and renewable energy (EBT) is considered not to be optimally accommodated in the EBT Draft Bill.

 

Deputy Director of the Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL), Raynaldo Sembiring, said that a large-scale evaluation of the EBT Draft Bill was needed. Starting from the issue of supervision, project evaluation, and data inventory related to regional potential.

 

“Then the existing regulation is not yet optimal to create a conducive EBT investment climate for investors, including those related to prices and incentives,” Raynaldo said, Tuesday (20/8).

 

Besides, ICEL highlighted the overlapping rules and roles of the national and regional governments in the management of EBT. So that the EBT Draft Bill is still far from expectations.

 

President Jokowi appreciated the rapid response of the Regional Representative Council (DPD) addressing the challenges faced by the regionals, one of which is related to EBT.

 

DPD initiated the EBT Draft Bill, which is currently being discussed in Commission VII of the DPR with the government.

 

Source: https://www.gatra.com/detail/news/438807/politic/icel-naskah-ruu-ebt-masih-jauh-fari-harapan