Jakarta | ICEL together with IDLO held a public discussion “A Long Way to Implement Water Quality Recovery in Indonesia” at the Morrisey Hotel. In the discussion present as guest speakers Head of the Hydrology and Water Quality Section of the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing Dr. Eng. Idham Riyando, S.T., M.Eng, Environmental Director of Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas Ir. Medrilzam, M. Prof. Econ, Ph.D., Director of Water Pollution Control of the Ministry of Environment Luckmi Purwandari, S.T., M.Sc., and a number of CSOs/other Communities. Thursday (24/10/2019).
Poor water quality to this point is still a scourge for Indonesia. Based on National Geographic Indonesia’s data from a report released by the Directorate General of Pollution and Environmental Damage Control of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, in 2015 nearly 68 percent or the majority of river water quality was in a heavily polluted status in 33 provinces. Factory waste, domestic waste, mining industry waste, agricultural waste, and pond waste play a major role in river water pollution in Indonesia. The contents of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Fecal Coli, total Coliform, and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) are found in rivers that are polluted by sewage and are harmful to the health of the people around the river flow. The main causes of these wastes are polluting water due to poor management of water, such as the development of urban areas that are not based on spatial policies and lack of infrastructure for waste management.
The Government through the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MOEF) in 2015-2019 has launched a water security improvement program that is based on concerns over the declining water quality in various rivers, the lack of water availability to support food and energy security, and the high frequency of floods and landslide. Through the water resilience program, MOEF established 15 watersheds that are priorities in improving water security, namely: Citarum watershed, Siak watershed, Ciliwung watershed, Asahan Toba watershed, Serayu watershed, Jeneberang watershed, Solo watershed, Saddang watershed, Brantas watershed, Moyo watershed, Cisadane watershed, Way Sekampung watershed, Kapuas watershed, Limboto watershed and Musi watershed.