- Last month, President Joko Widodo enacted President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019 Regarding Indonesian One Data. This President Regulation aims to help government to collect, manage, and utilize data accurately, sophisticatedly, integrated, accountable, accessible, and usable.
- In Indonesia, numerous ministries, national and local institutions don’t have data and they are inaccessible. Difficulties lie in synchronising those institutions due to strong sectoral egos.
- in this one data policy, National Development Agency is appointed to collect and calibrate data across ministries and institutions to eliminate differences.
- Civil Society Organisations emphasised on the importance of data implementation so that the public can access the data and deliver an information or objection if necessary
Although Indonesia is almost 74 years old, Indonesia doesn’t have one data and map that can act as guidance for government. Land overlap, legal uncertainty, and unsynchronised ministries often happen due to strong sectoral egos. To improve this condition, last month President Joko Widodo issued President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019 Regarding Indonesian One Data.
Data is highly important in determining many things including governance. Different data across ministries and institutions might result in fallacious policies.
This government regulation which was signed on June 17th 2019 aims to help government to collect, manage, and utilize data accurately, sophisticatedly, integrated, accountable, accessible, and usable.
Minister of National Development Agency heads this regulation. The member consists of Minister of State Officials Utilization, Minister of Communication and Information, Minister of Domestic Affairs, Minister of Finance, as well as Statistics Management Officials and Geospatial Officials.
“(President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019) is part of an integration, one map policy is part of the one data policy,” said Joshaphat Rizal Primana, Director of Energy, Mineral, and Mining Resources of National Development Agency, in Jakarta (7/10/19).
Before that, in 2019, President Joko Widodo signed President Regulation No. 9 Year 2016 Regarding Acceleration of One Map Policy Implementation. This step is taken to push geospatial information utilization in development through map scale 1:50.000.
He hopes that this one map can be a guidance for thematic geospatial information and integrated large scale spatial utilization plan in a spatial plan.
One map policy is still in process, President Jokowi enacted Indonesian One Data Policy on June 17th 2019.
Rizal explained that government used to have their own mapping which is different from one another. It’s not a wonder that overlap often happens. “This is what we’re trying to integrate. This kind of coordination is the hardest,” said him.
He said numerous ministries, national and local institutions have data and keep it to their own. “Coordination is about sharing authorities with other interested parties, opening up to criticism and evaluation on what is right and wrong,” said him further.
National Development Agency is appointed to collect and calibrate data across ministries and institutions to eliminate differences. “We hope we can create one map, one data. How to own a data nationally, and agreed upon nationally, as well as detailed on location, areas, and width,” told him.
Indonesian One Data, he explained, will become a guidance for national and local institutions in data governance to support development plan, execution, evaluation, and monitoring.
“In this President Regulation on One Data, there are three kind of data, statistics, geospatial, and national state finance data. Whereas, one map is only geospatial,” said Adi Rusmanto, Deputy of Geospatial Information Infrastructure.
One data will hopefully create a good development plan based on quality and accurate data. Adi explained that data collection has been for its party own interest. “Government takes over to create a structured data that can be used by everyone.”
Publics Are users
Data dissemination, distribution, and reciprocation, through this president regulation, is conducted by a data representative (walidata) through Indonesian One Data Portal, based on pertinent laws as well as technology and knowledge development.
“Data that is disseminated by national and local walidata must be accessible in the One Data Portal,” according to Article 38 of the president regulation.
This president regulation mentions that national and local institutions can access data in Indonesian One Data Portal for free, without MoU, agreement, or statement.
Article 39 Provision 3 also states that users outside national and local institutions access data according to pertinent laws. “Publics are data users,” said Adi.
If public wants to input data, he explained, they need to coordinate with walidata to meet the same standards and conditions.
Utilization and transparency data mechanism, he said, are determined by each walidata. “It depends on the walidata since walidata is responsible for collection, dissemination, and transparency. It’s still in discussion, nothing fix yet.”
He emphasised that the importance is willingness from walidata to implement public information transparency.
How about information transparency?
Asep komarudin, Greenpeace Indonesia Forest Campaigner said that one data policy can be a solution to solve all the problems in Indonesia.
“I appreciate government’s inclination for this one data, however the most important is public can access this one data,” he said.
A president regulation is not needed to collect, manage, and utilize data accurately, sophisticatedly, integrated, accountable, and usable, he explained. In fact, attention should be directed toward mechanism for the public to obtain the data. “This is a guarantee for the public.”
Not only that, transparency in implementation is a must, especially regarding data overlap and there has to be a solution. “Which data is considered wrong and which data is considered right to be put in the one data.”
Government actually already has Law No. 18 Year 2008 regarding Public Information Transparency. “Public access needs clarity, not ambiguous and doesn’t use ministries’ interpretation in accessing data,” he said.
Astrid Debora, researcher of Indonesian Center for Environmental Law hoped that this president regulation associated with data circulation is able to provide a more accurate data. She regretted that mechanism for the public to access data is not regulated in the president regulation.
“What can the public do if they find a discrepancy between the data and the facts on the ground?”
Objection mechanism, she said, will the mechanism be established in every ministry’s or institution’s central data and information or will it refer to Law Regarding Public Information Commission.
Government, said Astrid, needs to incorporate a one data participative clausule in data collection. Data involves numerous parties, including communities, private parties, and etc.
Article 37 Provision 6 regulates that data access limitation in Indonesian One Data Portal is conducted by first, walidata for local and national institutions as users. Second, Documentation and Information Management Officials or officials responsible for safekeeping, documenting, providing, or an information service for public as users outside national and local institutions.
“The president regulation should have positioned Information and Data Central (Pusdatin) or PPID as formulator in every ministry or institution,” she said.
She explains, if Documentation and Information Management Officials are not in Pusdatin, to whom the public can submit an objection.
Arumingtyas,Lusia.”Pemerintah Bikin Kebijakan Satu Data, Bakal Terbuka buat Publik?”https://www.mongabay.co.id/2019/07/23/pemerintah-bikin-kebijakan-satu-data-bakal-terbuka-buat-publik/. Diakses 23 Juli 2019.