ICEL

ICEL

Forest Protection Becomes a Base

The highest level of deforestation, which was 3.5 million hectares (ha) that had occurred in Indonesia in the 1996-2000 period, dropped dramatically to 0.44 million ha in the 2017-2018 period.

 

The Intergovernmental Panel for the United Nations Climate Change (IPCC) recently issued a special report entitled Climate Change and Land. The panel, which is filled with experts from around the world, emphasises forest protection and reforestation as the key to curb climate change so that the temperature of the Earth does not rise more than 2 degrees Celsius.

 

The report shows that throughout history, land use by humans accounted for more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions. In the report also mentioned in the 2007-2016 period, global emissions from land-based sectors (agriculture, forestry, and land use change) reached 23% of global emissions.

 

Reflecting on these data, the IPCC recommends all countries, including Indonesia, to reduce deforestation, protect peat, mangroves, and restore ecosystems. The report also recommends that the world reduce 30 gigatons of carbon emissions per year by 2030.

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[Press Release] The Urgency of the Establishment of the New Renewable Energy Bill Needs to Be Further Assessed

President Joko Widodo in his speech at the Plenary Session of the People’s Consultative Assembly, appreciated the rapid response of the Regional Representative Council (DPD) in addressing the pressing challenges faced by the region, one of which was related to renewable energy. This quick response has indeed been carried out by the DPD by initiating a New Renewable Energy Bill (EBT Bill), which is currently being discussed at Commission 7 of the House of Representatives. Grita Anindarini, Researcher of Environmental Pollution Control Division of Indonesian Center for Environmental Law, considers President Joko Widodo’s response to be positive given the need for energy transition in Indonesia is something that needs to be focused and needs to be responded quickly. Even so, it needs an in-depth study whether the existence of this bill can answer these needs.

 

In the academic text of the EBT Bill, it is explained that Law No. 30 of 2007 (the Energy Law) is currently not sufficiently accommodating about renewable energy, because the regulation of EBT is still scattered in various laws and regulations. Grita considers that one of the problems that caused this condition to occur is because the Government has not yet issued the Government Regulation (PP) on New and Renewable Energy, as mandated in the Energy Law. Basically, the formation of this PP has been included in the Strategic Plan of the Directorate General of New and Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation 2015-2019, but until now the regulation has not yet been issued. Based on the Strategic Plan, the New and Renewable Energy PP can be used as a more detailed reference related to the management of new and renewable energy including resource management, supply and utilisation, business, rights and obligations, facilities and incentives, energy prices, research and development, to guidance and supervision.

Read more[Press Release] The Urgency of the Establishment of the New Renewable Energy Bill Needs to Be Further Assessed

[Joint Press Release] Forest and Land Fires: Chief of National Police of Indonesia Needs to Evaluate The Entire Regional Police Officers

The situation of forest and land fires in Indonesia is currently in an alarming condition. More than 1000 hotspots in recent days have continued to increase and recorded 80% of the total hotspots in ASEAN countries based on the Asean Specialized Meteorological Center (ASMC) data. This is the highest history since 2015. In a visit related to forest and land fires carried out by the Commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces-Chief of National Police of Indonesia-Minister of Environment and Forestry in Riau, National Police Chief Tito Karnavian stated that he would withdraw the cases of forest and land fires to Headquarters if law enforcement was ineffective.

 

Responding to the statement of the National Police Chief, Henri Subagiyo, Executive Director of the Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL), hopes that this will not only be a lip service amid the worsening forest and land fires situation. “We’ve been treated to something similar. But often these things run inconsistently after forest and land fires subside. Even though efforts to control forest and land fires, including law enforcement, must continue despite the reduction in hotspots in the field. Chief of National Police of Indonesia Tito Karnavian himself had already signed the Circular Letter (SE) No. SE/15/XI/2016 concerning Control of Forest and Land Fires on the 10th of November 2016. The SE is arguably quite comprehensive which includes directives for the ranks of the National Police to carry out pre-emptive, preventive and repressive measures complete with directions for proving efforts in the process of research and investigation. But the results so far have not been widely felt by the public, especially law enforcement for corporate actors. Remember that related to law enforcement the Commission III of the Indonesian Parliament had formed a Forest and Land Work Committee in 2016 although the results were unclear.”

Read more[Joint Press Release] Forest and Land Fires: Chief of National Police of Indonesia Needs to Evaluate The Entire Regional Police Officers

NGOs Will Sue the OSS Investment Licensing System

OSS Service Office. (CNN Indonesia/Yuliyanna Fauzi)

A number of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) engaged in the environmental field, ICEL, Walhi, JATAM East Kalimantan, Kaoem Telapak, BEM UI, and others will sue the ease of online integrated investment licensing (OSS) processes run by the government.

 

National Walhi Campaign Coordinator Edo Rahman said the lawsuit was filed because according to them the investment licensing system posed problems for environmental protection. Environmental problems mainly occurred in investment in the forestry, electricity, palm oil plantations sector.

 

Apart from that the investment licensing was also considered by the NGOs to be in conflict with the law. The conflict is related to the management of EIA as an investment condition that can be dealt with later.

 

“This is certainly contrary to Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management which places EIA as a condition before the issuance of environmental permits and business license,” explained Edo, Monday (12/8).

Read moreNGOs Will Sue the OSS Investment Licensing System

[Joint Press Release] Civil Society Coalition Rejects Inconsequential Licensing

CIVIL SOCIETY PREPARING LEGAL STEPS ON PP OSS

Jakarta, 12th of August 12 2019 – A number of civil society organisations engaged in environmental and natural resource conservation issues as well as several individual petitioners are currently preparing legal steps against Government Regulation Number 24 of 2018 concerning Online Integrated Investment Licensing or better known as PP OSS (online single submission). Although PP OSS has a goal to accelerate investment and simplify the bureaucracy of issuing permits, this PP also has a big problem by removing the importance of environmental protection.

 

By regulating licenses based on commitment, this PP OSS has clearly eliminated the importance of the EIA substance. The EIA was then placed only as an administrative document that was fulfilled after the permit was issued. This is certainly contrary to Law Number 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management (Law 32/2009) which places EIA as a condition before the issuance of environmental permits and business licenses. The inconsequential logic of licensing in PP OSS not only violates Law 32/2009, but also violates several other laws and regulations.

 

Responding to this problem, the “Civil Society Coalition Rejects Inconsequential Licensing” asks the President of the Republic of Indonesia to:

 

  1. Immediately revise PP OSS especially in the aspect of licensing that has the potential to damage the environment;
  2. Immediately instruct all ministries and agencies to carry out the process of issuing permits based on laws that were in force before PP OSS. This implementation was carried out immediately before the OSS PP was revised; and
  3. Restoring the rights of citizens who have been deprived due to the enactment of PP OSS.

 

If the three points above are not immediately responded by the President of the Republic of Indonesia, the coalition will use constitutional rights to take legal steps against PP OSS. This legal step is needed to prevent the wider and serious impact of the implementation of PP OSS.

 

—- // —-

 

Civil Society Coalition Rejects Inconsequential Licensing: ICEL, WALHI Eknas, YLBHI, Sawit Watch, WALHI DKI Jakarta, Women’s Solidarity, KNTI, Kaoem Telapak, JATAM Kaltim, BEM UI and BEM FH UI.

 

Contact person:

Raynaldo Sembiring (ICEL, + 62 813 7667 01670)

Boy J.E. Sembiring (Walhi Eknas, +62 852 7189 7255)

[Press Release]: Respond to IPCC Report: President Immediately Evaluates Improvement of Forest and Land Governance and Releases Low Carbon Development Plan

Jakarta, 11th of August 112019. In response to a panel decision in 2016, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published the second special report titled Climate Change and Land (8/8/19). This report shows that land use by humans accounts for more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Land is a provider of basic human needs, including food, water and other ecosystem services. Agricultural, forestry and other activities that have supported human life are responsible for around 13% carbon dioxide (CO2), 44% methane (CH4), and 82% nitric oxide (N2O) emissions from human activities globally during 2007-2016, or around 23% of the total anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions.

 

The report also explains that efforts to adapt and mitigate climate change related to land can also overcome decrease and degradation and improve food security. Conservation of high-carbon ecosystems such as peat, wetlands and mangroves is still a priority effort because of its rapid impact. However, this also needs to be supplemented by responses that provide a variety of ecosystem services and functions, such as the recovery of high-carbon ecosystems, land reclamation and reforestation, although the impact requires time. In addition, there are also response options that do not require land competition and have the potential to benefit together both for sustainable development and to overcome socio-economic problems, such as agricultural land management, increasing food production, reducing food waste and eating patterns. Of course, land-based responses to adaptation and mitigation depend on the context, including the adaptive capacity of a community or region. Indonesia as a party to the Paris Agreement had submitted its commitment to climate change mitigation and adaptation in the National Determined Contribution (NDC) to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat on the 6th of September 2016.

Read more[Press Release]: Respond to IPCC Report: President Immediately Evaluates Improvement of Forest and Land Governance and Releases Low Carbon Development Plan

Joint Statement:

Reaffirming the Vision of Democracy and the Environment

Statement of Civil Society Organisations: Reaffirming the Vision of Democracy and the Environment

 

By the Grace of God Almighty

 

(1) That the environment and natural resources are the gift of God to all Indonesian people, both current and future generations.

(2) That protecting citizens and the environment is one form of the goal of the presence of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, namely to protect all Indonesians and all Indonesian blood and to carry out the mandate of the constitution, especially Article 28 H and Article 33 paragraph (4) of the Constitution 1945 of the Republic of Indonesia.

(3) That the environment and natural resources are not only one of the national development capital, but also as a life support system, both for humans and other living creatures. Therefore, national development must be carried out wisely for the greatest prosperity of the people fairly and evenly, taking into account the safety and sustainability of ecosystems, for the benefit of current and future generations.

(4) That various environmental and natural resource damage has occurred massively, lasted a long time, and has increased the vulnerability of disasters to the extent of threatening the safety of citizens and the achievement of national development goals. The various threats are caused by weak environment-natural resources governance, economic growth which is supported by excessive investment in the environment, citizens’ access to imbalance natural resources-environment, the destruction of ecosystems that are not restored, until the enforcement of blunt law, especially for environmental crime in an organised manner.

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Joint Statement:

Reaffirming the Vision of Democracy and the Environment

[Joint Press Release] “Initiating the Vision of Democracy and the Environment of Indonesia”

Jakarta, August 5, 2019. Civil society groups that were present at the Symposium of Initiating the Vision of Democracy and Environment, criticised the Vision of Indonesia by the elected President Joko Widodo some time ago. This vision highlights many issues of infrastructure development, investment and bureaucratic reform which are also directed to facilitate investment. But regrettably in this vision there are no environmental considerations at all. Ignorance of environmental and natural resource issues are feared to continue in future policies if not addressed immediately.

 

The symposium began with a Public Discussion that presented 4 (four) speakers, namely: Laode M. Syarif (Vice Chairperson of the KPK), Prof. Hariadi Kartodihardjo (Forestry Policy Expert), Mas Achmad Santosa (Coordinator of Special Task Force for Eradicating Illegal Fishing), and Yuyun Ismawati (Senior Advisor of Nexus 3). The speakers conveyed criticism and input about the importance of raising the issue of the environment and natural resources so that President Jokowi’s policies in the 2019-2024 government period still care about the environmental protection and natural resources.

 

“Investment should not be faced with law enforcement,” explained Laode M. Syarif, Vice Chairperson of KPK who was invited as a guest speaker at the Symposium. “Investors like law certainty the most. If the obligations and restrictions are clear, good investors will inevitably be obedient. Precisely ignorant and naughty investors who should not be allowed to invest in Indonesia. We need investment but only the responsible ones,” he continued.

Read more[Joint Press Release] “Initiating the Vision of Democracy and the Environment of Indonesia”

[Joint Press Release] First Trial, Clean Air Coalition (IBUKOTA) Demands Clean Air

The Clean Air Coalition (IBUKOTA), a combination of individuals and organisations that fought fiercely for clean air attended the first trial of citizen lawsuit over the poor air quality of Jakarta today (1/8) at the Central Jakarta District Court. Through this initial hearing and lawsuit, the IBUKOTA Coalition demanded that the Defendants carry out a series of policies to fulfill the right to clean air for the Plaintiffs and 10 (ten) million other Jakarta citizens.

 

Jakarta’s poor air quality is caused by pollutant parameters that have exceeded the National Air Quality Standards (BMUN) as stipulated by Government Regulation Number 41 of 1999 and the DKI Jakarta Provincial Air Quality Standards (BMUA DKI Jakarta) as stipulated in the Governor DKI Jakarta Regulation Number 551 of 2001 concerning Establishment of Ambient Air Quality Standards and Noise Levels in DKI Jakarta Province. As a brief example, PM 2.5 concentration figures from January to June 2019 are 37,82 μg/m3 or 2 times higher than national standards or 3 times higher than World Health Organization (WHO) standards.

Read more[Joint Press Release] First Trial, Clean Air Coalition (IBUKOTA) Demands Clean Air

Government Created A One-Data Policy, Will It Be Open To Public?

  • Last month, President Joko Widodo enacted President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019 Regarding Indonesian One Data. This President Regulation aims to help government to collect, manage, and utilize data accurately, sophisticatedly, integrated, accountable, accessible, and usable.
  • In Indonesia, numerous ministries, national and local institutions don’t have data and they are inaccessible. Difficulties lie in synchronising those institutions due to strong sectoral egos.
  • in this one data policy, National Development Agency is appointed to collect and calibrate data across ministries and institutions to eliminate differences.
  • Civil Society Organisations emphasised on the importance of data implementation so that the public can access the data and deliver an information or objection if necessary

 

Although Indonesia is almost 74 years old, Indonesia doesn’t have one data and map that can act as guidance for government. Land overlap, legal uncertainty, and unsynchronised ministries often happen due to strong sectoral egos. To improve this condition, last month President Joko Widodo issued President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019 Regarding Indonesian One Data.

Data is highly important in determining many things including governance. Different data across ministries and institutions might result in fallacious policies.

This government regulation which was signed on June 17th 2019 aims to help government to collect, manage, and utilize data accurately, sophisticatedly, integrated, accountable, accessible, and usable.

Minister of National Development Agency heads this regulation. The member consists of Minister of State Officials Utilization, Minister of Communication and Information, Minister of Domestic Affairs, Minister of Finance, as well as Statistics Management Officials and Geospatial Officials.

“(President Regulation No. 39 Year 2019) is part of an integration, one map policy is part of the one data policy,” said Joshaphat Rizal Primana, Director of Energy, Mineral, and Mining Resources of National Development Agency, in Jakarta (7/10/19).

Before that, in 2019, President Joko Widodo signed President Regulation No. 9 Year 2016 Regarding Acceleration of One Map Policy Implementation. This step is taken to push geospatial information utilization in development through map scale 1:50.000.

He hopes that this one map can be a guidance for thematic geospatial information and integrated large scale spatial utilization plan in a spatial plan.

One map policy is still in process, President Jokowi enacted Indonesian One Data Policy on June 17th 2019.

Rizal explained that government used to have their own mapping which is different from one another. It’s not a wonder that overlap often happens. “This is what we’re trying to integrate. This kind of coordination is the hardest,” said him.

Read moreGovernment Created A One-Data Policy, Will It Be Open To Public?